CoverIntroductionWhy Is Wellbeing Important in Schools?What is Wellbeing?Considerations: How Does Wellbeing Function in LifeA Measure Suited for Your SchoolEthical ConsiderationsNecessary PermissionImplementationApplication of DataMeasures of Child Wellbeing Gratitude MeasuresWarwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-beingSix Seconds Youth Version (SEI-YV)Measures of Child Wellbeing at SchoolChildren’s Hope ScaleMultidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS)The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS)Me and My Feelings (M&MF)Me and My School Questionnaire (M&MS)Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ)The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) (Adapted)Social Emotional Health Survey-Primary (SEHS-P)The School Attitude QuestionnaireThe PedsQL Measurement Model Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S)The Student Resilience Survey (SRS)Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)Flourishing at School Survey (FAS)Measures of Adult WellbeingSubjective Happiness Scale (SHS)The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL)Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS)Flourishing Scale (FS)The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)Comprehensive and Brief Inventory of Thriving (CIT & BIT)Mental Health Continuum Short and Long Form (MHC-SF)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)The PERMA ProfilerMeasures of Adult Wellbeing at WorkTeacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ)Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS)The Workplace PERMA-ProfilerJob Satisfaction Survey (JSS)The Gallup Q12 Employee Engagement Questionnaire The PERMAH Workplace Survey Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)Maslach Burnout Inventory: Educator's Survey (MBI-ES)Measures of Cultural WellbeingSchool Culture Triage SurveyMy Class Inventory-Short Form (MCI-SF)School-Level Environment Questionnaires (SLEQ)The Omnibus T-ScaleMy Class Inventory-Short Form for Teachers (TMCI-SF)Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ)ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLES)Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)Classroom Environment ScaleOther Resources

The PedsQL Measurement Model

This measure is for childrenThis is a free measure

The PedsQL assesses wellbeing from a clinical perspective across four domains: physical, emotional, social, and school functioning. It includes a model for children Ages 2 to 18 and a separate parent proxy report. It is reliable and valid, and it is responsive to clinical changes over time. It contains 23 items rated on a 0-4 Likert scale by the frequency each statement accurately describes the child’s life. The PedsQL can be completed in about 4 minutes. It has been previously used in a sleep and wellbeing intervention for elementary students (Quach, 2011). This questionnaire has been translated into multiple languages, including broadcast Spanish. It is free for non-academic use, which would probably include most school leaders (ePROVIDE, 2019).

Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools

Proxy report option
Valid and reliable
Appropriate for Ages 2-18
Available in multiple languages
Short (23 items/4 items)
No cost

Some translations lack ”full linguistic validation process” (ePROVIDE, 2019)

Suggestions for Further Research

ePROVIDE. (2019, October). Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™).

Quach, J., Hiscock, H., Ukoumunne, O.C., Wake, M. (2011). A brief sleep intervention improves outcomes in the school entry year: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics, American Academy of Pediatrics, doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-0409 

Varni, J.W.  (1998-2020). About the model. PedsQL TM (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory TM  

Varni, J.W. (1998-2020). Limited use license. PedsQL TM (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory TM.,

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