IntroductionWhy Is Wellbeing Important in Schools?What is Wellbeing?Considerations: How Does Wellbeing Functions in LifeA Measure Suited for Your SchoolEthical ConsiderationsNecessary PermissionImplementationApplication of DataMeasures of Child Wellbeing Gratitude MeasuresWarwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-beingSix Seconds Youth Version (SEI-YV)Measures of Child Wellbeing at SchoolChildren’s Hope ScaleMultidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS)The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS)Me and My Feelings (M&MF)Me and My School Questionnaire (M&MS)Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ)The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) (Adapted)Social Emotional Health Survey-Primary (SEHS-P)The School Attitude QuestionnaireThe PedsQL Measurement Model Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S)The Student Resilience Survey (SRS)Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)Flourishing at School Survey (FAS)Measures of Adult WellbeingSubjective Happiness Scale (SHS)The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL)Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS)Flourishing Scale (FS)The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)Comprehensive and Brief Inventory of Thriving (CIT & BIT)Mental Health Continuum Short and Long Form (MHC-SF)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)The PERMA ProfilerMeasures of Adult Wellbeing at WorkTeacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ)Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS)The Workplace PERMA-ProfilerJob Satisfaction Survey (JSS)The Gallup Q12 Employee Engagement Questionnaire The PERMAH Workplace Survey Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)Maslach Burnout Inventory: Educator's Survey (MBI-ES)Measures of Cultural WellbeingSchool Culture Triage SurveyMy Class Inventory-Short Form (MCI-SF)School-Level Environment Questionnaires (SLEQ)The Omnibus T-ScaleMy Class Inventory-Short Form for Teachers (TMCI-SF)Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ)ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLES)Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)Classroom Environment ScaleOther Resources

Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)

This measure is for adultsThis is a priced measure

Psychological capital has been defined as follows:

      An individual's positive psychological state of development . . . characterized by: having confidence (self efficacy) to take on and put in the necessary effort to succeed at challenging tasks; making a positive attribution (optimism) about  succeeding now and in the future; persevering toward goals and, when necessary, redirecting paths to goals (hope) in order to succeed; and when beset by problems and adversity, sustaining and bouncing back and even beyond (resilience) to attain success (Luthans, Avolio, Avey, & Norman, 2007, p. 3). 

The Psychological Capital Questionnaire measures wellbeing as a function of four emotions and dispositions: hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism. Participants respond to 24 statements on a 6- point Likert scale based on the degree to which they agree with the statement. The PCQ is specifically designed for working adults, relevant to “multiple performance outcomes in the workplace, lower employee absenteeism, less employee cynicism and intentions to quit, and higher job satisfaction, commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviors” (PCQ). There is also a less widely used short version (PSQ-12) with 12 items (Kamei et al., 2018). The PSQ is available in a variety of languages and requires purchase for use. 

Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools

Provides overview of wellbeing
Measures outcomes related to specific work benefits
Available in multiple language

Price depends on type of use and services: to reproduce paper copies, $2 per person (minimum purchase 50)

A research permission form qualifies applicant for free use.

Click here for more payment options.

Suggestions for Further Research

Kamei, H., Ferreira, M. C., Valentini, F., Peres, M. F. P., Kamei, P. T., & Damásio, B. F. (2018). Psychological Capital Questionnaire - Short Version (PCQ-12): evidence of Validity of The Brazilian Version. Psico-USF, 23(2), 203–214. doi: 10.1590/1413-82712018230202

Luthans, F., Avolio, B., Avey, J., & Norman, S. (2007). Positive Psychological Capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology 60, 541–572. Accessed from  University of Nebraska at Lincoln Leadership Institute Faculty Publications.  

Mind Garden. (n.d.). Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) - Assessments, tests.  

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