IntroductionWhy Is Wellbeing Important in Schools?What is Wellbeing?Considerations: How Does Wellbeing Functions in LifeA Measure Suited for Your SchoolEthical ConsiderationsNecessary PermissionImplementationApplication of DataMeasures of Child Wellbeing Gratitude MeasuresWarwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Well-beingSix Seconds Youth Version (SEI-YV)Measures of Child Wellbeing at SchoolChildren’s Hope ScaleMultidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS)The Stirling Children’s Well-being Scale (SCWBS)Me and My Feelings (M&MF)Me and My School Questionnaire (M&MS)Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ)The Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) (Adapted)Social Emotional Health Survey-Primary (SEHS-P)The School Attitude QuestionnaireThe PedsQL Measurement Model Social Emotional Health Survey-Secondary (SEHS-S)The Student Resilience Survey (SRS)Holistic Student Assessment (HSA)Flourishing at School Survey (FAS)Measures of Adult WellbeingSubjective Happiness Scale (SHS)The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWL)Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (CLAS)Flourishing Scale (FS)The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)Comprehensive and Brief Inventory of Thriving (CIT & BIT)Mental Health Continuum Short and Long Form (MHC-SF)Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)The PERMA ProfilerMeasures of Adult Wellbeing at WorkTeacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ)Job-related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS)The Workplace PERMA-ProfilerJob Satisfaction Survey (JSS)The Gallup Q12 Employee Engagement Questionnaire The PERMAH Workplace Survey Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ)Maslach Burnout Inventory: Educator's Survey (MBI-ES)Measures of Cultural WellbeingSchool Culture Triage SurveyMy Class Inventory-Short Form (MCI-SF)School-Level Environment Questionnaires (SLEQ)The Omnibus T-ScaleMy Class Inventory-Short Form for Teachers (TMCI-SF)Individualised Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ)ED School Climate Surveys (EDSCLES)Student Engagement Instrument (SEI)Classroom Environment ScaleOther Resources

Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

This measure is for adultsThis is a free measure

The PANAS measures wellbeing through two mood scales: one measuring positive affect (emotions) and the other measuring  negative affect. Participants respond to its 20 items on a 5-point Likert scale according to how often they have experienced specific emotions over the past week. The PANAS has moderately good reliability and validity (Watson, 1988), and it has been used in a variety of dissertations and articles (statistics solutions). Available in French, German, and Swedish as well as English, it can be used with no cost without the necessity of contacting the American Psychological Association Permissions Office for non-profit research purposes (Mapi Research Trust).

Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools

Has a partner scale for children (see PANAS-C)
Multiple translations available

 

Suggestions for Further Research

Mapi Research Trust. (n.d.). Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.org/-VvT 

Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.org/-yttn 

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063.