• 1. Language and Identity
  • 2. Who Are English Learners?
  • 3. Understanding Theory
  • 4. Input
  • 5. Interaction
  • 6. Stages of Development
  • 7. Errors and Feedback
  • 8. Types of Proficiencies
  • 9. Types of Performances
  • 10. Classroom Practices and Language Acquisition
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  • Translations
  • 3.4

    Indicators of the Standards for Effective Pedagogy

    The Standards for Effective Pedagogy Framework

    The Standards for Effective Pedagogy were established through CREDE research and through an extensive analysis of the research and development literature in education and diversity. The standards represent recommendations on which the literature is in agreement across all cultural, racial, and linguistic groups in the United States, all ages levels, and all subject matters. Thus, they express the principles of effective pedagogy for all students. Even for mainstream students, the standards describe the ideal conditions for instructional; but for students at-risk of educational failure, effective classroom implementation of the standards is vital.

    Joint Productive Activity (JPA)

    Teacher and Students Producing Together

    Indicators of Joint Productive Activity

    The Teacher:

    Language and Literacy Development (LLD)

    Developing Language and Literacy Across the Curriculum

    Indicators of Language and Literacy Development

    The Teacher:

    Contextualization (CTX)

    Making Meaning: Connecting School to Students’ Lives

    Indicators of Contextualization

    The Teacher:

    Challenging Activities (CA)

    Teaching Complex Thinking

    Indicators of Challenging Activities

    The Teacher:

    Instructional Conversation (IC)

    Teaching through Conversation

    Indicators of Instructional Conversation

    The Teacher:


    Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence (CREDE). Reprinted with permission. 

    Adapted with permission from:                                                                                             

    Teemant, A. & Pinnegar, S. (2007). Understanding Langauge Acquisition Instructional Guide. Brigham Young University-Public School Partnership. 

    This content is provided to you freely by Equity Press.

    Access it online or download it at https://equitypress.org/language_acquisition/SEP_indicators.